The article: definite and indefinite


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THE ARTICLE


DEFINITE

masculine

feminine

Singular

EL

LA

Plural

LOS

LAS



INDEFINITE

masculine

feminine

Singular

UN

UNA

Plural

UNOS

UNAS



CONTRACTIONS

A + EL = AL

DE + EL = DEL



AL + infinitive = cuando (when) + Present or past.

Al hablar =

When I speak =

cuando habla, cuando hablaba.

when I (he, we...) speak / spoke.


The feminine article "la" changes to the masculine "el" before a feminine noun starting with an accentuated "a".

El agua

the water

El águila

the eagle


This is not the case in "la acción" or "la administración" because the accentuation is not on the "a" but on "ón".